MBA Program Course Descriptions


This course addresses how to design and implement the best combination of marketing efforts to carry out a firm's strategy in its target markets. Specifically, this course seeks to develop the student's (1) understanding of how the firm can benefit by creating and delivering value to its customers, and stakeholders, and (2) skills in applying the analytical concepts and tools of marketing to such decisions as segmentation and targeting, branding, pricing, distribution, and promotion. The course uses lectures and case discussions, case write-ups, student presentations, and a comprehensive final examination to achieve these objectives.

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu


Building upon Marketing 611, the goal of this course is to develop skills in formulating and implementing marketing strategies for brands and businesses. The course will focus on issues such as the selection of which businesses and segments to compete in, how to allocate resources across businesses, segments, and elements of the marketing mix, as well as other significant strategic issues facing today's managers in a dynamic competitive environment.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates.


Building upon Marketing 611, Marketing 613 is an intensive immersion course designed to develop skills in formulating and implementing marketing strategies for brands and businesses. The central activity will be participation in a realistic integrative product management simulation named SABRE. In SABRE, students will form management teams that oversee all critical aspects of modern product management: the design and marketing of new products, advertising budgeting and design, sales force sizing and allocation, and production planning. As in the real world, teams will compete for profitability, and the success that each team has in achieving this goal will be a major driver of the class assessment.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: Typically offered on two consecutive weekends. Check meeting dates.

MKTG711 - CONSUMER BEHAVIOR (Course Syllabus)

Marketing begins and ends with the customer, from determining customers' needs and wants to providing customer satisfaction and maintaining customer relationships. This course examines the basic concepts and principles in customer behavior with the goal of understanding how these ideas can be used in marketing decision making. The class will consist of a mix of lectures, discussions, cases, assignments, project work and exams. Topics covered include customer psychological processes (e.g., motivation, perception, attitudes, decision-making) and their impact on marketing (e.g., segmentation, branding, and customer satisfaction). The goal is to provide you with a set of approaches and concepts to consider when faced with a decision involving understanding customer responses to marketing actions.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: Format: Lectures and discussion, case analyses, presentations.

MKTG712 - DATA & ANLZ FOR MKTG DEC (Course Syllabus)

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of data-driven marketing, including topics from marketing research and analytics. It examines the many different sources of data available to marketers, including data from customer transactions, surveys, pricing, advertising, and A/B testing, and how to use those data to guide decision-making. Through real-world applications from various industries, including hands-on analyses using modern data analysis tools, students will learn how to formulate marketing problems as testable hypotheses, systematically gather data, and apply statistical tools to yield actionable marketing insights.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND STAT 613

Other Information: Format: Lecture and discussion.


This course provides a total immersion in the new product development process - from sourcing ideas and innovation, through new product sales forecasting. The focus is on collective learning, what works, what doesn't, and why. While the primary focus is the new product development process within a corporate structure, some coverage is given to key issues surrounding start-ups.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: One half term. 0.5, c.u, Check Meeting dates. Format: Lectures, cases, simulations, class discussions, and guest speakers.


The purpose of this course is to provide students with an opportunity to learn and apply the major frameworks, theories, current research findings, principles and practices of effective advertising management as part of an Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) program. By the end of this course, students should not only be familiar with a large body of advertising knowledge, but should also be able to apply this information to create and evaluate effective advertising strategies and tactics. The emphasis will be on: 1) understanding the psychology of customer motivation and persuasion; 2) crafting effective and creative messages; 3) making efficient selections and use of media; and 4) understanding metrics, all within the broader Integrated Marketing Communications perspective.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Format: Case discussions, in-class exercises, lectures, group projects, guest lectures by marketing professionals.


This course provides an interdisciplinary overview of the retailing industry. Primary focus will be on the customer facing activities of retailers, including assortment planning, private-label development and the management of in-store operations, and the back-door activities (forecasting and supply chain management) that support customer interaction. In addition, current issues facing retailers, such as customer relationship management, industry consolidation and supplier relations, will be explored. The course will also survey topics in finance, operations, information technology and real estate as they relate to retail.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)


The effect of the Internet and related technologies on business and social institutions is more profound than that of any prior invention, including the printing press and the internal combustion engine. Furthermore, marketing plays a key role in shaping the modern consumption-led economies fueled by these technologies. MKTG 727 provides a research-based and framework-driven approach to understanding digital marketing and electronic commerce.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: One-half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Students may not take both MKTG 727 and the full semester version of this course, MKTG 730 x or MKTG 770 for credit.

MKTG733 - MKTG FOR SOCIAL IMPACT (Course Syllabus)

Private and public sector firms increasingly use marketing strategies to engage their customers and stakeholders around social impact. To do so, managers need to understand how best to engage and influence customers to behave in ways that have positive social effects. This course focuses on the strategies for changing the behavior of a target segment of consumers on key issues in the public interest (e.g., health behaviors, energy efficiency, poverty reduction, fund-raising for social causes). How managers partner with organizations (e.g., non-profits, government) to achieve social impact will also be explored.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Format: Lecture, class discussion, simulations, cases and guest lecturers.

MKTG734 - CREATIVITY (Course Syllabus)

The ability to solve problems creatively and generate change is a recognized standard of success and plays an important role in gaining a competitive advantage in many areas of business management. This course is designed to teach students several creative problem solving methodologies that complement other managerial tools acquired in undergraduate and graduate studies. The course offers students the opportunity to learn how to solve problems, identify opportunities, and generate those elusive ideas that potentially generate enormous benefits to organizations. The objectives of this course are to enhance the students' (a) creativity, (b) ability to innovate and (c) ability to identify, recruit, develop, manage, retain, and collaborate with creative people.

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Students may not take both MKTG 792 and MKTG 734 for credit.


This course provides an overview of contemporary brain science and its applications to business. Students are first rapidly introduced to the basic anatomy and physiology of the brain and become familiar with important techniques for measuring and manipulating brain function. The course then surveys major findings in neuroscience with applications to business, including vision, attention and advertising; valuation and marketing; decision making; learning, innovation and creativity; social influence, team-building, and leadership; and discussion of the ethical, legal, and societal implications of applying neuroscience to business. Applications to business, education, sports, law, and policy are discussed throughout.

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Students may not take both MKTG 851 (Special Topics version) and MKTG 737 x for credit.

MKTG739 - VISUAL MARKETING (Course Syllabus)

As consumers, we are constantly exposed to advertisements and experience visual messages from product packages in stores, retail displays, and products already owned. In essence, visual marketing collateral is omnipresent and is an essential part of corporate visual identity, strategy, branding, and communication. Some of this falls to creative graphic design, but advertising, design, and marketing can also be significantly enhanced by knowledge of how visual information and its presentation context can be optimized to deliver desirable and advantageous messages and experiences. This course will emphasize how to measure, interpret, and optimize visual marketing. This course will use lectures, discussions, exercises and a group project, to help students understand the underlying processes that influence our visual perception and visual cognition. Students will learn about the theoretical processes and models that influence, attention and visual fluency. Students will also be exposed to eye-tracking instruments that help measure eye movement. Finally, we will explore how visual stimuli can influence consumer memory, persuasion, and choice. We will examine practical applications in marketing, advertising, packaging, retail, and design contexts.

Other Information: Students may not take both MKTG 854 (Special Topics version) and MKTG 739 x for credit. Format: In-class exercises, team-based learning, discussions, and lectures.


This course focuses on the real life marketing challenges involved in launching an entrepreneurial venture. The primary goal of the course will to provide a roadmap for students seeking to actively engage as entrepreneurs, investors or managers in the startup culture. Many of the entrepreneurial marketing principles studied in this course will be equally applicable to mid-size and larger companies seeking new approaches to drive top-line growth. The course will address how start-ups, early growth stage and more mature companies have used entrepreneurial marketing as an essential competitive weapon to grow their businesses by gaining customers, driving revenue, acquiring funding and recruiting A-level employees, advisors and directors. Students will form teams and select an idea/concept for an entrepreneurial venture, and by the conclusion of the course will have developed a fully fleshed out and testable marketing plan. Preferably, the selected venture will be one that one or more members of the team would consider implementing, should their plan prove feasible.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613) AND MKTG 712

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Format: Guest speakers, lecture, class discussions, team project


This course focuses on the unique aspects of creating effective marketing and management strategies for technology-intensive on-line and off-line businesses. It addresses the effective competitive marketing strategies for winning in markets which are powered by technology: specifically, how firms create value for customers and how they can integrate technology in delivering a better consumer experience.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

MKTG754 - PRICING POLICY (Course Syllabus)

The course provides a systematic presentation of the factors to be considered when setting price, and shows how pricing alternatives are developed. Analytical methods are developed and new approaches are explored for solving pricing decisions.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)

Other Information: Format: Lecture and discussion

MKTG760 - INNOV, MKTG STRAT&ANTITR (Course Syllabus)

This course considers business strategy and law, particularly the role of antitrust and intellectual property law in managing innovation. We will examine several highly innovative firms in technology rich areas, considering how they adapt their strategies to the competitive and legal environment, and asking whether antitrust law promotes or hinders innovation. The strategies of both current firms such as Uber, Google, Apple, and Microsoft and historical examples such as American Can Company, Standard Oil, Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co., and Kodak will provide context and source materials for the course. We will pay special attention to the role of intellectual property rights in fostering or hindering innovation. The legal focus is primarily on U.S. law, but the course will occasionally address foreign regimes as well. The course is useful to students interested in marketing or competitive business strategy, and, more broadly, to anyone desiring to understand the legal and public policy issues relating to competition and innovation.

MKTG768 - CONTAGIOUS (Course Syllabus)

Why do some products catch on and achieve huge popularity while others fail? Why do some behaviors spread like wildfire while others languish? How do certain ideas seem to stick in memory while others disappear the minute you hear them? More broadly, what factors lead to trends, social contagion, and social epidemics?

Other Information: Format: Lecture, class discussion, cases.

MKTG770 - DGTL SOCIAL & E-COM MKTG (Course Syllabus)

MKTG 770 explores the digital marketing environment from both a consumer and business perspective. The course provides an overview of various online business models and delves into digital advertising and social media marketing techniques and technologies. A mixture of case studies, guest speakers and assignments, including one that uses real advertising data, translates theory into practice. It is recommended that students enrolling in the course be comfortable using Excel and are knowledgeable in applying regression analysis techniques. Students who would prefer a less technical course may wish to take MKTG 727, Digital Marketing and Electronic Commerce, a half cu course offered by the department.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

Other Information: Students may not take both MKTG 770 and MKTG 727 for credit. This course replaces experimental course MKTG 730 x.


In today's business environment, marketing executives are involved in complex decision-making and they become responsible for return on their marketing investments. The first objective of this course is to help participants become better executives. By exposing students to various analytical and computer-based tools, developed for solving marketing problems, it will help to prepare them for careers in industries such as consumer packaged goods, hi-tech, financial services, media and entertainment, pharmaceutical, consulting, and venture capital. The course's main focus is on various existing models, such as models that predict the consumer's dynamic adoption of an innovative product. However, at some point in their career, students may find themselves facing business problems for which a model can assist in making decisions, but no existing model is available. Hence, the second objective of the course is to provide participants with critical skills necessary to evaluate new models to which they may be exposed by attending presentations or reading the literature. The models to be discussed in the class have been implemented and proven useful in a wide range of industries (e.g., business-to-consumers and business-to-business).

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)

Other Information: Format: Evaluating marketing models; practicing with computer-based models and software; discussing case studies that describe modeling applications; group presentations of model-based marketing analysis and strategy.


As the concept of CRM becomes common parlance for every marketing executive, it is useful to take a step back to better understand the various different behaviors that underlie the development of successful CRM systems. These "behaviors" include customer-level decisions, firm actions, and the delicate but complex interplay between the two. Accordingly this course is comprised of four main modules.

Other Information: Format: Lecture and discussion

MKTG776 - APPL PROB MODELS MKTG (Course Syllabus)

This course will expose students to the theoretical and empirical "building blocks" that will allow them to construct, estimate, and interpret powerful models of consumer behavior. Over the years, researchers and practitioners have used these models for a wide variety of applications, such as new product sales, forecasting, analyses of media usage, and targeted marketing programs. Other disciplines have seen equally broad utilization of these techniques. The course will be entirely lecture-based with a strong emphasis on real-time problem solving. Most sessions will feature sophisticated numerical investigations using Microsoft Excel. Much of the material is highly technical.

Other Information: Format: Lecture, real-time problem solving

MKTG777 - MARKETING STRATEGY (Course Syllabus)

This course views marketing as both a general management responsibility and an orientation of an organization that helps one to create, capture and sustain customer value. The focus is on the business unit and its network of channels, customer relationships, and alliances. Specifically, the course attempts to help develop knowledge and skills in the application of advanced marketing frameworks, concepts, and methods for making strategic choices at the business level.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)

Other Information: Format varies by instructor. Typically: case, lecture, group projects and class discussion. See syllabus.

MKTG778 - STRATEGIC BRAND MGMT (Course Syllabus)

Which brands make you happy? Apple? Amazon? Starbucks? Everlane? Soulcycle? Sweetgreen? What draws you into these brands? How do companies create compelling brand experiences? How could you cultivate a well-loved brand? This course explores such questions with the goal of identifying the ingredients for building an inspired brand. The course is created for students interested in building a brand and/or immersing themselves in the enhancement of an existing brand, and it is comprised of lectures, cases, guest speakers, discussions, in and out of class exercises, and a final project. Broadly, the course will be divided into four parts: 1) Understanding Brand, 2) Crafting Brand, 3) Measuring Brand, and 4) Managing Brand. The course will provide students with an appreciation of the role of branding and (taking a consumer-centric approach) will augment students' ability to think creatively and critically about the strategies and tactics involved in building, leveraging, defending, and sustaining inspired brands.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)

Other Information: Format: Lectures, cases, discussions, exercises, and a group project.

MKTG806 - SPECIAL TOPICS (Course Syllabus)

RETAIL MERCHANDISING; This course introduces the role of merchandising at various retailers with an emphasis on apparel and soft-line businesses. Selected topics will include product development, line planning, sourcing, product lifecycle, forecasting, buying, planning and vendor relations. Special emphasis will be placed on current trends in retail merchandising through current articles and industry guest speakers. The objective of this course is to familiarize students with merchandising theory and strategies considered to be current best practices in retailing.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 OR MKTG 725

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Format: Lecture, discussion.

MKTG809 - SPECIAL TOPICS (Course Syllabus)

EXPERIMENTS FOR BUSINESS DECISION MAKING: In the past decade, massive shifts in how companies interact with their customers have suddenly made field experiments an economically feasible way to learn about a variety of business questions such as what types of promotions are most effective, what products should be stocked at a store, how e-mail promotions should be designed, how sales staff should be compensated, etc. Many marketers engaged in online retailing, direct-marketing, online advertising, media management, etc. are rapidly embracing a "test and learn" philosophy and a number of platforms such as Google Website Optimizer, have been developed to facilitate rigorous field experiments in the online environment. Just as with the quality revolution in manufacturing during the 1980s and 1990s, the rapid rise of the "test and learn" philosophy in marketing has created a huge demand for those who can design, field, and analyze marketing experiments.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611

MKTG850 - SPECIAL TOPICS (Course Syllabus)

CONSUMER NEUROSCIENCE: How can studying the brain improve our understanding of consumer behavior? While neuroscience made tremendous strides throughout the 20th century, rarely were meaningful applications developed outside of medicine. Recently, however, breakthroughs in measurement and computation have accelerated brain science and created a dizzying array of opportunities in business and technology. Currently, applications to marketing research and product development are experiencing explosive growth that has been met with both excitement and skepticism. This mini-course provides an overview of the neuroscience behind and the potential for these developments. Topics will range from well-known and widely used applications, such as eye-tracking measures in the lab and field, to emerging methods and measures, such as mobile technologies, face-reading algorithms, and neural predictors of marketing response.

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check meeting dates. Students should register for this course before the end of the Course Selection period (September for fall, January for spring), for sections offered in the SECOND half of the term.

MKTG852 - SPECIAL TOPICS (Course Syllabus)

MARKETING ANALYTICS: Companies are currently spending millions of dollars on data-gathering initiatives - but few are sucessfully capitalizing on all this data to generate revenue and increase profit. Moving from collecting data to analysis to profitable results requires the ability to forecast and develop a business rationale based on identified data patterns.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND STAT 613

Other Information: One half term. 0.5 cu, Check course meeting dates. Students should register for this course before the end of the Course Selection period (September for fall, January for spring) for sections offered in the SECOND half of the term.


RETAIL ECOSYSTEM ACTION LEARNING PROJECTS: This course offers graduate students from Wharton and other Penn schools an opportunity to work on real-world projects for companies in the retail industry and in the wider retail ecosystem. It requires the exploration and analysis of actual business issues or opportunities identified by sponsoring/client companies, as well as the formulation of recommendations. It combines 1) academic principles, 2) application of prior business knowledge to the project at hand, and 3) a solutions-oriented mentality. In addition to supervised project work and regular updates to the corporate client/project sponsor, the course involves classroom meetings and discussions on topics pertaining to the projects. While this course focuses on "marketing" topics, projects might also incorporate topics from related disciplines such as operations, management of innovation & technology, data analytics, international management, design, and real estate. Indeed, the goal will be to constitute interdisciplinary teams from Wharton and other relevant Penn graduate schools.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND MKTG 725

MKTG893 - ADVANCED STUDY (Course Syllabus)

This course is a two part series. The first part concentrates on the Indian Consumer and the second part concentrates on the Chinese Consumer. India and China add up to half of the world's population. Each presents its own challenges and opportunities. US and European MNCs have been in both countries for many years, but emerging market MNC's are becoming stronger and in many cases overtaking US and European companies despite their strong brands and know-how.

Other Information: Indian Consumer Section of the Course is taught in Mubai, India, The Chinese Consumer Section of the Course is taught in Bejing, China.

MKTG895 - GLOBAL BUSINESS WEEK (Course Syllabus)

GLOBAL BUSINESS WEEK: MKTG 895 is one in an array of Global Business Week (GBW) study tour courses offered by various departments across Wharton. Each of the GBW courses offered in a term, will entail travel to a different part of the world and address a different element of economic driver for a country or industry. A faculty member will drive the topic and curriculum associated with a study tour to a region of the world where the study of a topic will provide insights and clarity available only by being in country. In country lectures from the lead faculty and area experts in industry, academia and government will form much of the basis of class time. In addition, students will experience relevant company and cultural settings where they will again hear from industry experts. Each course will require an individual student paper, a participation component, and a pre-travel or in-country set of assignments. See course syllabus for details.

Other Information: Wharton Executive MBA Course. Course must be taken for a grade (no pass/fail option) and will be subject to the standard CMGPA and LT requirements for MBA courses.

MKTG897 - ADVANCED STUDY (Course Syllabus)

New retail brands and opportunities for growth are emerging at an unprecedented rate, for online retailers and offline retailers alike. In this course we will: (1) articulate key principles for successful branding and for understanding consumer shopping behavior in retail environments, (2) demonstrate unique challenges and opportunities that luxury brands face, and (3) discuss concepts and empirical methods for analyzing consumer shopping behavior.

MKTG899 - INDEPENDENT STUDY (Course Syllabus)

A student contemplating an independent study project must first find a faculty member who agrees to supervise and approve the student's written proposal as an independent study (MKTG 899). If a student wishes the proposed work to be used to meet the ASP requirement, he/she should then submit the approved proposal to the MBA adviser who will determine if it is an appropriate substitute. Such substitutions will only be approved prior to the beginning of the semester.

Prerequisites: MKTG 611 AND (MKTG 612 OR MKTG 613)

Only descriptions of  active courses are listed. To see the titles of other courses not currently being offered, or recently renumbered, see the MBA Course List.


The following courses are not being offered in the current term, but have been approved as permanent or experimental courses in the Marketing Department.

MKTG733 - Marketing for Social Impact


(0.5 cu)

This course is designed to provide an opportunity for students to develop an understanding of the process by which industrial and other institutional buyers’ needs are identified and met. Following an examination of the setting in which business to business marketing takes place (i.e., market and system characteristics), the course focuses on the managerial process of identifying and evaluating industrial marketing opportunities and strategy decisions to effectively serve industrial markets.

MKTG891 - Thesis

(2.0 cu)

MKTG 891-I and MKTG 891-II Preparation of a thesis under individual supervision of a faculty member. The student selects the thesis topic. Written approval of the student’s topic and acceptance of the student as an advisee must be obtained from a faculty member before the student can elect the two-term thesis options.

Other Information: Permission from the Department is required for this two term, two credit individual project.


A variety of Special Topics courses are offered by the Marketing Department. Titles and course units may vary from year to year.

MKTG809 - SPECIAL TOPICS: Experiments for Business Decision Making


(1.0 cu)

In the past decade, massive shifts in how companies interact with their customers have suddenly made field experiments an economically feasible way to learn about a variety of business questions such as what types of promotions are most effective, what products should be stocked at a store, how e-mail promotions should be designed, how sales staff should be compensated, etc. Many marketers engaged in online retailing, direct-marketing, online advertising, media management, etc. are rapidly embracing a “test and learn” philosophy and a number of platforms such as Google Website Optimizer, have been developed to facilitate rigorous field experiments in the online environment. Just as with the quality revolution in manufacturing during the 1980s and 1990s, the rapid rise of the “test and learn” philosophy in marketing has created a huge demand for those who can design, field, and analyze marketing experiments.

Through this course, you will learn and practice a wide range of critical skills, from the statistical methods used to design and analyze experiments to the management and strategy required to execute an experiment and act on the results. Although the cases and examples will focus on marketing problems, the material covered can be applied in a number of other domains particularly operations management and product design.

Other Information: Last offered 2016C. STAT431 or equivalent is required as a prerequisite for this course

Visual Aesthetics and Style in Retail Merchandising


(0.5 cu)

This course is a visual and practical approach of understanding global styles and it involves readings, active participation in the creation of lifestyle boards, brand books, exercises to develop all the senses and the development of a total lifestyle concept. Students will be exposed to the Through the Whitaker Lifestyle Segementation of the Global Consumer system and will learn: you will learn: How to anticipate and predict consumers needs and their style evolution; How to identify new retail opportunities; How to create innovative retail concepts and brands; How to merchandise the appropriate products for a specific lifestyle; and How to develop your intuition and creative power. In addition, students will critically evaluate this style segmentation system and compare it to other segmentation approaches. This course is relevant for students interested in developing their intuition and creativity. The topics of this course are a foundation for anyone working in any area of the retail industry: marketing, merchandising, visual merchandising, store design,
planning, advertising, etc. (Last offered 2010A as MKTG792)

Retail Designscape


(0.5 cu)


The course will use design as the medium to link consumer need to retail. This will include basic design elements, such as space, form and color, as well as retail-specific topics like point-of-purchase displays. Both macro and micro elements of retail design will be explored, including issues from mall development to individual customer transactions. Selected topics may include principles of design, environmental design, stroe design (micro and macro), graphic arts, visual merchandising, comparison of shopping venues, role of consumer behavior and psychology as drivers for design and architecture and design of virtual retailing channels (online and catalog). (Last offered in 2005A as MKTG897)


  • 600-699       Core Courses and MBA Courses Cross listed with other departments
  • 700-719        Reserved for Basic or Required Courses
  • 720-759        0.5 cu Electives
  • 760-799        1.0 cu Electives
  • 800-899       Reserved for Independent Study, Advanced Study, Global Modular, Special Topics, and Center Specific Courses